Epidemiology, diagnosis, and assessment of diabetes mellitus in the elderly population: a purposive review

Mohammed Amine Chami (1) , Meghit Boumediene Khaled (2)
(1) Grand Hôpital de l’Est Francilien (GHEF), Site de Meaux, Court séjour gériatrique, France. University of Oran 1- Ahmed Benbella, Department of Internal Medicine at the University Hospital , Oran 31000 , Algeria
(2) Faculty of Life and Natural Science, Department of Biology, Djillali Liabes University of Sidi-Bel-Abbes. Laboratoire de Nutrition, Pathologie, Agro-Biotechnologie et Santé (Lab-NuPABS), Sidi-Bel-Abbes, 22000 , Algeria


The elderly population with diabetes mellitus is rapidly growing worldwide and has become a major social burden with significant impact on health and economics. This social category requires considerations that are not traditionally associated with diabetes mellitus management. Several epidemiological studies have shown that the prevalence of diabetes mellitus increases with advancing age. According to the recent International Diabetes Federation (IDF) published data, the number of people with diabetes mellitus among those 65 and over has reached 136 million (19.3%) with more frequent diabetes mellitus complications and co-morbidities compared to the young counterparts. Cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of death and the quality of life is strongly impacted by geriatric syndromes such as poor vision, dementia and functional dependence. The elderly diabetic population is classified into three categories; the robust, the fragile and the patient at the end of life. In practical terms, they can also be classified into two categories: the autonomous patients and the dependent patients, requiring support and assistance.

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Mohammed Amine Chami
Meghit Boumediene Khaled
boumedienemeghit.khaled@dl.univ-sba.dz (Primary Contact)
Chami, M. A. ., & Khaled , M. B. . (2022). Epidemiology, diagnosis, and assessment of diabetes mellitus in the elderly population: a purposive review. The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 6(13), 9–21. https://doi.org/10.51745/najfnr.6.13.9-21

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